Exhibitor Listings

  • Accemic Technologies GmbH

    Accemic Technologies has developed a new dynamic analysis method for embedded systems. We make software test effective and efficient. We simplify the debugging process enormously and give you effective leverage even over sporadic, non-deterministic failures.

  • (UN)MANNED

    (UN) MANNED builds instruments and platforms for the cockpits of aircraft. As its name suggests, (UN) MANNED focuses both on MANNED and UNMANNED business. We strongly believe that for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) to fly over populated areas, they need to comply to the same airworthiness, flight and communication rules as ordinary aircraft.

    Engineering Services & Consulting, Ground Support Systems, Software, Software: Applications, Software: Development Tools, Software: Verification Tools

  • AES Aerospace Embedded Solutions GmbH

    AES Aerospace Embedded Solutions GmbH: Safety. Security, Agility. We deliver safe and secure solutions using trusted agile methods to meet your development needs for critical embedded systems.

    Data Loaders, Embedded Systems, Engine Controls, Engine Monitoring, Engineering Services & Consulting, Flight Control Systems, Software, Software: Verification Tools

  • AFuzion

    AFuzion provides world-class aviation consulting and certification services. Unlike traditional outsourcing companies which may seem to take over a project, AFuzion provides training, mentoring, and consulting so that you remain in control. While some clients do outsource significant or entire projects to AFuzion, an AFuzion specialty is short-term knowledge augmentation where our experts infuse knowledge: AFuzion infusion.

    DO-254 Compliance, Flight Management Systems, Safety Engineering & Management, Software, Verification Services Software/Hardware

  • AdaCore

    Founded in 1994, AdaCore supplies software development and verification tools for mission-critical, safety-critical, and security-critical systems. Our flagship GNAT Pro development environment supports Ada, C and C++ and is ideal for applications that demand high reliability and maintainability. AdaCore has a long and successful history supplying products to the avionics community, including several tools and run-time libraries that have been used in systems certified at the highest levels of DO-178B/C (ED-12B/C).

    Software, Software: Applications, Software: Cyber Security, Software: Development Tools, Software: Verification Tools

  • Air Born International

    For almost 60 years AirBorn has been at the forefront of innovation, design and manufacture of high reliability interconnection technology. Our advanced products and proprietary technologies are used extensively throughout every continent of the world. Reliability comes as standard. We have manufacturing facilities in the USA and the UK, international operations in Europe and Asia and a proven network of dedicated world-wide distributors. In short, AirBorn is the global source for connector products and technical design assistance wherever they are needed.

  • Aitech

    Established in 1983, Aitech offers commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) embedded computing products for rugged defense, aerospace, industrial and astronautics (space) applications. The company provides industry-standard, open architecture VMEbus, VPX, CompactPCI and high speed serial fabric-based boards and products including: Integrated COTS Computers and Subsystems, Single Board Computers (SBCs), Carrier Boards, Video and Graphic Boards, GPGPU Boards and embedded products, I/O Boards, Memory Boards, Ethernet Switches, Power Supplies, Rugged Enclosures, Development Platforms. Having pioneered the development of true military VMEbus products for use in mainstream defense and aerospace applications, Aitech utilizes its broad base of off-the-shelf products and technologies to also develop customer-specific solutions when so required, to deliver superior cost-performance and reliability, and expedite time to market. Applications for Aitech’s products range from mission computers, fire control processors, mission control and autonomous robotic subsystems for ground vehicles and trains as well as surface and subsurface naval platforms, to tactical and strategic fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft, and low- to high-earth orbit and deep space vehicles as the International Space Station and the future replacement of the space shuttle. Aitech’s target customers are system integrators developing products for the defense, aerospace, industrial and commercial markets.

    Board Products, Computers, Airborne, Embedded Systems, Enclosures, Engineering Services & Consulting, Flight Control Systems, Graphics Boards, I/O Boards, Single Board Computers

  • Avalex Technologies

    Mind-warping capability. Mission-friendly usability. These are two of the reasons Avalex Technologies leads in the design and manufacture of rugged mission systems for video processing, control display, and mission management. These are used by military and law enforcement aircraft and ground vehicles and we engineer them to be future proof, high quality, and extremely rugged. This is innovation on display. Avalex designs and builds rugged displays, smart displays and lightweight tablets, digital mapping systems, digital video recorders, cockpit management units, and mission computers, including hardware and software integration. Our engineering expertise sets us apart in the industry— we work with customer specs to build products that are truly custom. Our passion is delivering rugged mission equipment that surpasses expectations and stands the test of time, even in the harshest conditions. An extensive range of operator-products offers mind-warping capability and high-performance usability.

  • Aviage Systems

    AVIAGE SYSTEMS, together with its global partners, specializes in integrated solutions for civil aircraft, leveraging the life-cycle cost benefits of an open-architecture Integrated Modular Avionics (IMA) platform complimented by a full range of avionics products and services. The international team of experts at AVIAGE SYSTEMS can provide customized solutions, from specification through design, integration, certification and beyond, to meet all civil aircraft needs.

  • Aviation Logistics Network (ALN)

    Since 2006 the Aviation Logistics Network is an independent association of international logistics service providers, all of which specialise in the transportation of time-critical freight for the Aerospace Industry. Apart from combining their resources and skills, the co-operation within this global organisation primarily focuses on the flow of communication and direct action during exceptional logistics cases. With currently about 350+ stations around the world, our network structure provides a high degree of localised decision-making skills, when attending to and monitoring individual freight solutions, so your time-critical deliveries arrive quickly and smoothly.

  • Aviation Maintenance Magazine

    Aviation Maintenance Magazine is the leading magazine to cover MRO, Upgrade and Refurbishment on Commercial, Business, General Aviation and Military Aircraft Globally.

  • Avionics Magazine

    Avionics Magazine is the industry magazine for the commercial and military aviation electronics and avionics industries.

  • Avionics Support Group

    Avionics Support Group, Inc. (ASG) is a premier Avionics Systems Integration & AS9100D/FAA-PMA approved Aerospace Manufacturing company. ASG’s competitive advantage can provide your company with a Single Source Solution for avionics engineering, manufacturing, aircraft installation technical support, Supplemental Type Certificate (STC’s), SATCOM, and much more. We lead the aerospace industry with our US patented Constant Friction Mount (cfMount™), Integrated Power Supplies, and iPad EFB Cradles. So Contact ASG Today to learn how ASG’s Single Source Solution can work for your company!

  • CRITICAL Software

    CRITICAL Software provides systems and software services for safety, mission and business-critical applications, helping to ensure that clients meet the most demanding quality standards for safety, performance and reliability. CRITICAL Software’s core services cover a wide range of areas, including system planning and analysis, system design, verification, development, integration and maintenance. The company works with leading aerospace and avionics companies, both civil and military. www.criticalsoftware.com

    Embedded Systems, Engineering Services & Consulting, Software, Software: Verification Tools, Verification Services Software/Hardware

  • Core Avionics & Industrial Inc.

    Core Avionics & Industrial Inc. (CoreAVI?), a Channel One company, is a global leader in providing products and services designed to enable complete solutions for safety critical applications. A supplier of real-time and safety-critical graphics and video drivers, compute drivers, program ready? embedded graphics processors, and DO-254 ED-80 certifiable COTS hardware IP, CoreAVI’s suite of products enables commercial GPUs, SoC components, and COTS hardware designs to meet the requirements of long-term high-reliability and safety-critical embedded systems with long-term support. CoreAVI’s products may be purchased with certification data kits for the most stringent levels of RTCA DO-254/DO-178C and EUROCAE ED-80/ED-12C.

    Cockpit Displays, Components, Embedded Systems, Graphics Boards, Software

  • Curtiss-Wright

    Curtiss-Wright is an industry-leading supplier of sophisticated electronics products. We are recognized around the world as one of the most innovative designers and manufacturers of highly engineered systems built to perform reliably in harsh conditions. We continue to lead the way in developing and marketing advanced solutions that address the rapidly evolving requirements of naval, aerospace and ground defense customers.

    Acquisition Systems, Air Data Computers, Cockpit Displays, Components, Embedded Systems, Flight Data Recorders Sensors, Graphics Boards, Single Board Computers, Software

  • DDC-I

    DDC-I provides DO-178 certifiable software and tools for safety critical avionics software developers including field proven real-time operating systems and integrated development environments.Deos from DDC-I is a time and space partitioned RTOS, which has been certified to DO-178 Level A since 1998.

    Software, Software: Applications

  • EUROCAE

    EUROCAE is the European leader in the development of worldwide recognised industry standards for aviation. We develop standards by industry/members for the industry needs that: Build upon the state of the art expertise of its members and address the global aviation challenges Are fit for purpose to be adopted internationally Support the operational, development and regulatory processes

  • EUROCONTROL

    EUROCONTROL is the European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation. Founded in 1960, it is an international organisation working for seamless, pan-European air traffic management. EUROCONTROL coordinates and plans air traffic control for all of Europe. This involves working with national authorities, air navigation service providers, civil and military airspace users, airports, and other organisations. Its activities involve all gate-to-gate air navigation service operations: strategic and tactical flow management, controller training, regional control of airspace, safety-proofed technologies and procedures, and collection of air navigation charges.

  • Great River Technology

    Great River Technology is the global leader in development tools and flyable products for ARINC 818, the Avionics Digital Video Bus. Engineers in commercial and military aviation worldwide tap GRT’s expertise and products to simplify design, implementation, and testing of mission-critical high-speed video and data transmission. The company was at the table when ARINC 818 was created, and its innovations drove the protocol’s 2013 upgrade. GRT offers training and certification in ARINC 818.

  • Green Hills Software

    Founded in 1982, Green Hills Software is the worldwide leader in embedded safety and security.In January 2002, the Green Hills INTEGRITY-178 RTOS was the first commercially developed partitioned operating system certified to DO-178B Level A as part of a civil avionics TSO. In 2008, the Green Hills INTEGRITY-178 RTOS was the first and is still the only operating system to be certified by NIAP (comprised of NSA & NIST) to EAL 6+, High Robustness, the highest level of security ever achieved for any software product.

    Software: Cyber Security, Software: Development Tools, Software: Internet of Things, Software: Middleware, Software: Operating Systems

  • HEICON – Global Engineering GmbH

    Software has, by now, conquered nearly all technological systems. For security-relevant products, functional safety has been the focus point in the past years. For the current mega-trends “industry 4.0” and “autonomous driving”, besides safety aspects, adequate implementation of security in the necessary embedded systems will be a crucial factor for success. Security-relevant embedded systems as well as non-security-relevant systems need to master: The challenges of global development, Shorter development and production cycles and Simultaneous cost reduction. Whoever is able to take cost advantage of globalization and simultaneously meet the increasing quality standards for security-relevant systems will be successful in the market.

  • Hensoldt Sensors GmbH

    Hensoldt is a multinational corporation headquartered in Germany which focuses on sensor technologies for protection and surveillance missions in the defence, security and aerospace sectors. The main product areas are radar, optoelectronics and avionics. Hensoldt’s main office is in Taufkirchen, Germany. The company (4750 employees) originated from the electronics business unit of the defence division of theAirbus Group.

    Computers, Airborne

  • Honeywell International Sarl

    We are developing solutions for more fuel-efficient and environmentally friendly airplanes, more direct and on-time flights and safer flying plus engines, cockpit and cabin electronics, wireless connectivity equipment and services, logistics, and more. Honeywell solutions are found on virtually every commercial, defense and space aircraft in service today. Honeywell Aerospace services provide the support needed on the ground and in the air to manage fleets, safely and efficiently plan routes, service aircraft and more. MyAerospace makes it easy to keep aircraft flying by providing direct access to order parts, find repair and overhaul services, and discover available upgrades.

  • Hutchinson Stop-Choc

    We as Hutchinson Stop-Choc are part of this powerful network which you can benefit from as a client. We develop innovative full metal solutions for the aerospace industry. No matter if for heat protection, reduction of acoustic noise sources, storage of sensitive, electronic equipment or insulation from extreme shock influences. In cooperation with our clients, we find secure solutions that ensure a trouble-free, and above all reliable function. Applications: Engine Support, Engine Equipment (Pumps, ECU’s), Avionic and Racking Systems, Cab Mounts. Hutchinson Stop-Choc is OEM for storage of: Fixed Wings & Rotors, Pumps, APU’s, Exhaust Systems, Avionics, Engine Control Systems, Air Conditioners.

  • Institute of Aviation

    it is hardly possible to speak briefly about the history of the Institute of Aviation; the passion, dedication, knowledge and experience of its researchers. This history spans over 90 years of research when new visions were being created and heated discussions were taking place that gave shape to Polish aviation. The strategy of the Institute of Aviation is to provide services in the global research market. The global research market means offering research services of the top quality, guaranteed by employing highly qualified staff, using certified procedures and accredited laboratories, and delivery times in line with the client’s expectations. It also means that works we undertake serve the purpose of developing new technologies, which is synonymous with being innovative. Being an active player in the global research market also means making available the know-how and experience of our researchers, acquired through continuous training and involvement in the Institute’s own research programme.

  • KGS Electronics

    For over 50 years, KGS Electronics has been designing and manufacturing AC and DC solid state power conversion products. KGS Electronics provides advanced airborne certified AC and DC power conversion products to both civil and military aviation customers worldwide. KGS Electronics has a full line of airborne 400Hz and 50/60Hz static inverters, voltage/frequency converters, DC to DC power converters, light dimming power supplies and AC to DC power supplies designed for aerospace & military applications.

    AC to DC Power Supplies, DC to DC Converters, Frequency Converters 50Hz/60Hz Sine Wave, Static Inverters 50Hz & 60Hz Sine Wave, Static Inverters and Frequency Changers 400Hz

  • Krono Safe

    KRONO-SAFE develops and markets ASTERIOS, a software tool-suite including a DO-178 certifiable real-time kernel (RTK) for safety-critical real-time embedded systems. ASTERIOS provides an integrated development environment to simulate exhaustively the application’s temporal behavior, generate automatically the run-time scheduling and deploy the runnable on any multi-core hardware target (platform independence). KRONO-SAFE serves industry market applications in need for hardware/software, design, complexity, determinism and safety such as in aerospace, defense, automotive, industrial automation, transportation and Industrial IoT. To learn more, visit: www.krono-safe.com.

    Embedded Systems, Software, Software: Applications, Software: Operating Systems, Time Triggered Protocols

  • LDRA

    LDRA has developed and driven the market for software that automates code analysis and software testing for safety, mission, security, and business-critical markets. Working with clients to achieve early error identification and full compliance with industry standards, LDRA traces requirements through static and dynamic analysis to unit testing and verification for a wide variety of hardware and software platforms. LDRA is headquartered in the United Kingdom with subsidiaries in the United States and India coupled.

    DO-254 Compliance, Software: Development Tools, Software: Verification Tools, Tools, Verification Services Software/Hardware

  • Liebherr-Aerospace & Transportation SAS

    Liebherr designs on-board electronics for the control and monitoring of highly integrated flight-safety critical, complex systems for commercial and military aircraft. The company supplies these electronic units with embeded software, both as standalone units, or as part of the company’s air management, flight control and landing gear systems. Liebherr-Aerospace benefits from the Liebherr Group’s competence center for electronics in Lindau (Germany), in terms of hardware development, qualification and production for signal and power circuits.

    Computers, Airborne, Distributed I/O and control solutions, Embedded Systems, Power Distribution and Control Electro, Static Inverters and Frequency Changers 400Hz

  • Lynx Software Technologies

    Through precision engineering, Lynx Software Technologies develops advanced kernel technology that empowers innovative companies to create the safest, most secure systems in the world. The LynxOS-178 RTOS is the first and only hard real-time DO-178 level A operating system to offer the interoperability benefits of native POSIX and FACE APIs with support for the ARINC 653 APplication EXecutive (APEX), and the newly announced v2.2.4 release maintains this capability. The LynxOS-178 RTOS is also the first and only time- and space-partitioned, FAA-accepted Reusable Software Component (RSC). When the aviation-grade safety of LynxOS-178 is combined with the military-grade security of the LynxSecure Separation Kernel Hypervisor, the increased safety and security requirements of next generation avionics systems can be achieved.

    Embedded Systems, Military Communications, Software: Development Tools, Software: Operating Systems

  • MBS Electronic Systems GmbH

    mbs is a premier product realisation company providing full life-cycle services for embedded product design and development. Guided by a total commitment to quality and customer satisfaction, mbs is a source for high integrity hardware (DO-254) and software engineering services and a range of COTS electronic hardware products.

  • Mentor Graphics Corporation

    A Siemens Business delivers the most comprehensive Verification & Validation Solution helping you meet your safety critical verification and certification objectives. Tightly integrated combining Questa for high performance simulation, VIP, lifecycle management for requirement capture and traceability, portable stimulus, low-power, CDC & Formal Verification, Veloce for hardware emulation and HW/SW system verification, Catapult for High-Level Synthesis, and PowerPro for RTL Low-Power unified with the Visualizer debug environment.

    DO-254 Compliance, Formal Verification ASICs & FPGAs, Hardware: Verification Tools, Software: Verification Tools, Verification Services Software/Hardware

  • Mercury Mission Systems International S.A.

    Mercury Mission Systems International S.A. (also referred as “MMS Intl”, previously CES Creative Electronic Systems) is a swiss legal entity part of Mercury Systems Inc. based in Chelmsford, Massachusetts, USA. MMS Intl is Mercury’s Center-of-Excellence for safety-critical product development. MMS Intl designs and manufactures in Switzerland rugged embedded computers engineered to meet the most demanding performance needs for optimal Size, Weight and Power (SWaP) considerations. Our Commercial Off-The-Shelf (COTS) products are made to withstand the extremes of temperature, shock and vibration associated with deployment in Aerospace & Defense as well as Rugged Industrial markets. The ability to deliver products supporting mission-critical or safety-critical functions has created a high demand for our services. With 30+ years of existence we leverage our technology expertise and know-how to solve the challenges of today in the following market segments: C4ISR, Radar / EW, Rugged Industrial, Commercial Aircraft, Unmanned Vehicles. From Single Board Computers, Signal Processors, Avionic Interfaces and Graphics Boards up to Safety Certified Mission Computers, we look forward to working with you on your next project.

    Computers, Airborne, Graphics Boards, I/O Boards, Mezzanine Cards

  • Perforce

    Perforce enables the largest technology teams across the globe to do their best work and innovate at scale — while complying with functional safety standards. Our solutions solve everyday development challenges around static code analysis, version control, developer collaboration, and project lifecycle management.

    Embedded Systems, Software: Development Tools, Software: Verification Tools, Tools

  • Presagis

    Presagis is a leader in development tools for interactive cockpit graphics. We provide modeling, simulation, and embedded software solutions to the aerospace, defense and critical infrastructure markets. Modern cockpit designers are increasingly adopting the ARINC 661 architecture, and are starting to deploy touch and gesture as the preferred means of human interaction. Presagis’ technology, developed in conjunction with major aircraft OEMs, provides leading-edge capabilities to help you develop such products.

    Embedded Systems, Flight Simulators, Software, Software: Applications, Software: Development Tools, Software: Verification Tools

  • QA Systems GmbH

    QA Systems tools automate unit testing, code coverage, integration testing and static analysis to optimise safety and business critical embedded software and accelerate standards compliance. All tools are independently certified by SGS T-V for use at the highest integrity level of safety related software development for all major safety standards (ISO 26262, IEC 61508, IEC 62304, EN 50128, and IEC 60880), and qualifiable for standards such as DO-178B/C. Founded in 1996 QA Systems operates across Europe and through a global reseller network and has over 350 blue-chip customers, across all safety related and business critical industries.

    Embedded Systems, Software, Software: Development Tools, Software: Verification Tools, Tools

  • Rapita Systems Ltd

    Rapita Systems Ltd develops on-target embedded verification software solutions for customers in the avionics and automotive electronics industries. Our tools help to reduce the cost of measuring, optimizing and verifying the timing performance and test effectiveness of their critical real-time embedded systems.

    Embedded Systems, Engineering Services & Consulting, Software, Software: Development Tools, Software: Verification Tools

  • Rotor & Wing Magazine

    Rotor & Wing Magazine is the leading magazine covering helicopter, upgrade and refurbishment on commercial, business and military.

  • SAFRAN Electronics & Defense

    Every day, Safran Electronics & Defense helps airlines, operators and Original Equipment Manufacturers by collecting, processing and analysing an increasing amount of flight data. Cassiopée is a twofold offer that combines flight data management software packages and analysis solutions for all types of airplanes and helicopters. Our services enable fuel consumption reduction, maintenance costs optimization and flight safety enhancement. Our aim? Improve our clients’ operational efficiency by providing an array of services that allow a better understanding of performance of their aircraft and systems.

  • SELT Aerospace & Defence

    SELT Aerospace & Defence is a system integration company with wide spectrum capabilities for the design and validation of full avionics systems, modules, and ground equipment. Within our technologic partners we are able to support the deployment of modern avionic IMA and signal processing systems. Our team can supply a turn-key project comprehensive of enclosures, power systems, processing, ADC/DAC and GPUs for the most demanding application of avionics and signal intelligence sectors.

    Avionic Test, Cockpit Displays, DC/DC Converters, Embedded Systems

  • SYSGO AG

    SYSGO provides certified RTOS/hypervisor and related services for the real-time and embedded market. SYSGO supports international customers with services for embedded Linux, hard real-time and certification for security- and safety-critical applications. Markets include Aerospace & Defense, Industrial Automation, Automotive, Railway, Medical and Network Infrastructure.

    Embedded Systems, Engineering Services & Consulting, Software: Applications, Software: Development Tools, Software: Operating Systems

  • Scandinavia Avionics A/S (SA)

    Scandinavian Avionics A/S (SA) was established in 1978 and is today a highly experienced avionics company. SA is EASA/FAA Part-145, as well as EASA Part-21J, Part-21G and Part-147 approved. Located around Europe, Middle East and Asia the SA Group provides complete turn-key Avionics and Electronics solutions for aircraft, helicopters and UAVs for a customer group spread all over the world.

    Avionics Installation Kits, Electronic Flight Bags, Engineering Services & Consulting, Flight Management Systems, Satellite Communications, TAWS (Terrain Awareness Warning System)

  • Systerra Computer GmbH

    Systerra computers product philosophy is based on reliability, open architectures, and long term availability of components and service. We deliver highly standardized, rugged, embedded solutions to mission critical applications in harsh environments. The boards, computer systems, and mission-ready solutions we offer are based on standards such as VPX, VMEbus, PMC, XMC, NanoATR, and PC/104. Our partners in this area are: abaco systems, Acromag, MPL AG, RTD Embedded Technologies, TechwaY, TEWS Technologies, and Themis Computer.

    Acquisition Systems, Board Products, Computers, Airborne, Data Acquisition Systems, Embedded Systems, I/O Boards, Mezzanine Cards, Military Communications, Satellite Communications

  • The RAeS Munich Branch e.V

    The RAeS Munich Branch e.V , founded in 1991, the Branch programme covers topics from technical to historical with lectures (in English & German) as well as visits to a variety of local sites of aerospace interest.

    Professional Institution

  • Vector Informatik Gmbh

    Vector Informatik Gmbh ; Developers and test engineers will benefit from Vector solutions for aerospace electronic networking. The focus here is on tools for E/E architecture, monitoring and analyzing the bus communications and on test tools in the form of a ‘HIL for the developer’s office desk’.

    Databus Technologies, Deterministic Ethernet, Embedded Systems, Engineering Services & Consulting, Flight Data Recorders Sensors, Software: Development Tools, Software: Verification Tools, Test/Measurement Equipment

  • Verocel

    Verocel offers a full range of products and services to aid in certifying to DO-178B/C and related standards. Products include full life-cycle-verification environment, coverage and other tools to fulfil certification requirements. Services include training and consulting, up to performing complete or part of full software/system verification, including a certification warranty.

    Engineering Services & Consulting, Software: Verification Tools, Verification Services Software/Hardware

  • Wind River

    Wind River is a world leader in delivering software for the Internet of Things. The company has been pioneering computing inside embedded devices since 1981, and its technology is found in more than 2 billion products. Wind River offers the industry’s most comprehensive embedded software portfolio, supported by world-class global professional services, support, and a broad partner ecosystem. Wind River delivers the technology and expertise that enables the innovation and deployment of safe, secure, and reliable intelligent systems. To learn more, visit Wind River at www.windriver.com.

    Embedded Systems, Engineering Services & Consulting, Software, Software: Cyber Security, Software: Development Tools, Software: Internet of Things, Software: Middleware, Software: Verification Tools

  • bavAIRia

    bavAIRia was commissioned by the Bavarian State Government with the management of the cluster Aerospace. The aim of bavAIRia is to identify the Bavarian core competencies in aviation, aerospace and space applications and expertise support stronger links with each other to increase the global competitiveness of these industries.